February 11, 2019

Bethany Collins
A Pattern or Practice

University Galleries of Illinois State University

Bethany Collins, Southern Review, 1985 (Special Edition), 2014-2015. Charcoal on paper. 57.5 x 104 inches. Collection of Eugene Fu.

A Pattern or Practice, the most comprehensive presentation of artist Bethany Collins’ work to date, presents 30 pieces created from 2012 to 2019. In her drawings, prints, paintings, sculptures, and artist’s books, Collins incorporates fractured or illegible phrases, either punishingly erased or arduously rendered. As Holland Cotter recently wrote in The New York Times, “language itself, viewed as intrinsically racialized, is Bethany Collins’ primary material.” The artist elaborates, “I adore language because of its potential capacity, but if language is biased and not representative of us, it’s bound to fail.”

Collins has explored personal, bureaucratic, and lyrical language. The earliest work in the exhibition is “Do People Ever Think You’re White?” III (2012), one of Collins’ White Noise drawings, which consist of writing in white chalk on a black chalkboard. The series began in 2010 when the artist was in graduate school in Atlanta, Georgia, and the panels are filled with letters that erratically spell out racially charged critiques of her work. Collins repeatedly wrote each phrase as a means of distancing herself from it and disrupting its systemic power. She moved from personal to more authoritative language for her later "Dictionaries" series. For Colorblind Dictionary (2013–14), she methodically erased all references to color in a Webster’s New World Dictionary, while for Black and Blue Dictionary (2014), she erased all terms related to the colors black and blue in a New American Dictionary. The exhibition’s title is quoted from A Pattern or Practice (2015), Collins’ installation of 91 blind embossed prints featuring text from the U.S. Department of Justice report on the Ferguson, Missouri, Police Department following the killing of Michael Brown by a police officer. The embossed white Somerset paper requires an intimate proximity to read the protruding letters of the report, which is entirely present except its conclusion. Collins has recently been researching historical songs and anthems. Her America: A Hymnal is a 2017 hardcover book containing 100 laser-cut and burned versions of “My Country ‘Tis of Thee.” The artist points out that each re-writing supports causes “from temperance and suffrage to abolition and even the Confederacy,” and each “represents a proposition of what it means to be American.”

University Galleries is collaborating with multiple partners to present programming during, and following, Collins’ exhibition, including Milner Library, the Children’s Discovery Museum, Normal Editions Workshop, @Salon, and Obsidian: Literature & Arts in the African Diaspora. All events are free and open to the public. Contact gallery [​at​] or T 309 438 5487 to schedule exhibition tours.

Bethany Collins: A Pattern or Practice is organized by University Galleries’ Director and Chief Curator Kendra Paitz. The exhibition and programming are sponsored in part by grants from the Illinois Arts Council Agency and the Harold K. Sage Foundation and the Illinois State University Foundation Fund. An exhibition catalogue is forthcoming.

Collins’ work has been exhibited at: The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York; Goodman Gallery, Johannesburg, South Africa; Contemporary Art Museum, St. Louis; Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, Alabama; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio; Locust Projects, Miami; DePaul Art Museum, Chicago; Hudgens Center for the Arts, Duluth, Georgia; and The Center for Book Arts, New York. Her work is included in the collections of The Art Institute of Chicago; Birmingham Museum of Art; The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; and Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery. Collins was the 2015 recipient of the Hudgens Prize at the Hudgens Center for the Arts in Duluth, Georgia, and a 2018 recipient of the Efroymson Contemporary Arts Fellowship. She has also received grants, awards, and residencies from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation, Bemis Center for Contemporary Art, Hyde Park Art Center, The Studio Museum in Harlem, Artadia, and the Rural Alabama Initiative. Collins was born in Montgomery, Alabama, and currently lives and works in Chicago. She received her MFA at Georgia State University and her BA at University of Alabama. She is represented by Patron Gallery, Chicago, and Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago and New York.

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